Health issues for astronauts , Today we will take you to space together. Which is a dream (Not reaching) of many people, although the career as an astronaut is envious in many respects. But the risks and the stories of heartache are the same as those on the planet.
But what is certain is the unpredictable risk. Space is dangerous Could not be trusted to be clear, open and comfortable They also face a distance from gravity that affects the human body, as many astronauts have experienced after their return to Earth.
In addition, the absence of the Earth’s gravitational pull. Allowing the spine to be stretched Little change occurred Yet, research has shown that Once returned to Earth, the astronauts’ height will also be restored to normal.
1. What happens during a year in space?
Astronauts are normally sent up to the ufabet ISS for about six months, but American astronaut Scott Kelly made history in 2016 after completing a 340-day mission alongside Russian astronaut Mikhail Kornienko.
The goal of the mission is to gain a better understanding of the microgravity, radiation and the human body. During a long time in space
With that Mr. Kelly has twins. So it was given a unique opportunity to study the long-term side effects of spacecraft travel. And compare that impact with Mr. Mark, the brother who is doing this mission at home.
Scott Kelly told the BBC: “Most health problems are not unique in the manifestation of disease. Which you cannot recognize your own bone mass. “
2. What does it feel like to be on the ISS?
After returning to the world He had to go through a rigorous physical exam. A long time in space Causing him to examine symptoms thoroughly
“I have pain in my muscles. There was also a loss of bone and muscle, swelling and increased pressure in my skull, ” he explains.
He also experienced problems with skin conditions such as rashes and hives, nausea, dizziness as he adapted back to Earth’s atmosphere.
3. Health issues for astronauts
– rapid change of gravity in space May cause up to 1% loss of bone mineral density per month, possibly leading to osteoporosis associated with long-term health problems.
– Lack of gravity can also cause changes in bodily fluids. Causing swelling High blood pressure And organ problems Including eyesigh
– Isolation and limited boundaries can lead to behavioral and psychological problems.
– A closed environment means that the microorganisms in the body are more easily transferable.
– Radiation in space is higher than on Earth.
– And because Mars is so far from Earth (140 million miles on average) that NASA is carefully planning that What space equipment would be needed by astronauts on such lengthy missions?
Crew will receive training, physical examination, and adequate medical supplies and food to keep them healthy.